Diabetes affects a fairly large portion of the U.S. population (8.3%). A news article on pottsmerc.com states approximately 60 to 70 percent of people who have diabetes have damage to their nervous system, which can result in impaired sensation or even pain in the feet or hands. It is essential for people with diabetes to be extremely aware of foot health. Diabetes affects the feet because there is reduced blood flow to limbs of the body.
There are certain signs of nerve damage in the feet. Yellow toenails that are thick is a sign. Another sign is loss of hair on the lower legs, feet and toes. An additional sign is cracked skin on the feet. The inability to feel temperatures in the feet can be a sign of nerve damage. Fungal infection between the toes is an indicator too. Feet changing shape over the course of time is also a sign. The last sign of nerve damage is sores, blisters and infected corns.
There are preventative measures that can be taken to protect one’s feet. Obtaining a foot checkup at a doctor’s office at least four times a year is a tip. Another is checking the feet everyday for wounds or cracks. Toenails should be trimmed carefully, the feet should be freshly washed and the corners shouldn’t be cut. Never use a razor on calluses or corns, a pumice stone should be used instead. Shoes that fit well are necessary as are cotton socks. Physical activity helps circulate the feet, even if one can’t walk, there are reclining exercises too. Lastly, feet should always be protected from hot and cold surfaces as they can be dangerous.
The Foot Institute is a podiatric practice with locations in Cayce, Florence, Charleston, Columbia and Orangeburg. They specialize in diabetic foot care, as well as reconstructive foot surgery and other foot problems.
Foot Institute Clinic - Calgary
Unit 143, 755 Lake Bonavista Drive SE
Calgary, Alberta T2J 0N3
Local: (403) 242-3668