New Telecommunication Rules and Regulations in 2014
Telecommunications industry is growing rapidly which is evidenced by the huge market of new products and services that are launched weekly. FCC is the major body to come up with the policies and regulations that has to be followed by networks and service providers. The FCC rules and regulations are put forward in Title 47 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). After October 1 of each year, the GPO compiles all the changes in various policies or the policies that are implemented or added or deleted in the Federal Register. The Federal Register is published by the National archives and Records Administration (NARA) and is updated daily, Monday through Friday, by 6 a.m.
Rules and Regulations Section in the Federal Register contains the edited and final rules and regulations of the telecommunications industry that have general applicability and legal effect. Each document contains the name of the issuing agency and the sub-agency, the CFR title and a brief description. This section also contains the interim rules that are issued without any previous notice and that are effective immediately. The interim rule is specifically designed for emergencies. This section also includes documents that do not amend the CFR but effect an agency’s take on its policies or are beneficial to the public while dealing with an agency.
Proposed Rules Section in the Federal Register contains notices to the public asking for their participation in the rule making process. It includes notices of proposed rules that describes problem areas and ask for the public opinion. The opinions are taken into account while framing the regulation and the adequacy of the proposed regulatory action. Many regulatory agencies voluntarily propose changes in procedural rules, interpretative rules and agency policies.
Notices Section in the Federal Register deal with documents that are not concerned with rules or proposed rules applicable to the public. Hearings and investigation notices, meetings, agency decisions, delegations of authority, issue of licenses or their revocation, grant applications and deadlines, etc are some of the fields dealt with in this section.
Taking public interest into account, economic regulation of interstate and international communication takes up a large portion of Telecommunication Policies. Amendments in regulations include areas like:
· Clear outline of antitrust laws for industries with large barriers to entry.
· Common carrier laws that control access to networks.
· Even though the telephone providers are required to be common carriers, the net neutrality about the ISPs is still up for debate.
· Management of Government owned resources like ‘spectrum’.
· How to best utilize the limited resource of ‘spectrum’ in a way to bring about the optimum use.
· How best to determine who is more suited for the use of spectrum, which, at this point, is done by auction.
· FCC decides how the public, safety and health officials and other technicians use spectrum.
· Expand the deployment of broadband.
· Ensure harmonized regulations between competitive broadband services.
· Encourage and facilitate conditions for better investment in broadband technologies and services.
· To have information about the network providers more public to consumers and innovators.
· To ensure lawful internet network for consumers. The proposed guidelines will prohibit blocking of lawful content, applications, and services.
· To put a bar on unreasonable discrimination in transmitting lawful network traffic.
The updates include rules, proposed rules and notices of Federal Agencies and Organizations, as well as executive orders and presidential documents. Documents are available in a number of formats with links to Web sites for explicit details.