As one of the main cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries, lithium iron phosphate (molecular formula is LiFePO4, also known as LFP) features such strengths as high safety, long cycle life, and high temperature resistance. But its weakness is lower energy density. Lithium iron phosphate batteries can be used in electric vehicles, power tools, electric bicycles, energy storage devices, etc. For now, they are mainly used as power batteries for electric vehicles.
In 2014, some 12,500 tons of lithium iron phosphate were sold globally, and they were mainly sold to China, almost accounting for 75% of the total. That was mainly because Chinese electric vehicle enterprises tend to adopt lithium iron phosphate as power batteries of cathode materials. Additionally, China's great support for new energy vehicles has promoted the rapid increase of the country’s demand for lithium iron phosphate. In contrast, cathode materials for power batteries in the US, Japan, and South Korea are dominated by ternary material and lithium manganate.
Globally, the traditional lithium iron phosphate material manufacturers mainly include the U.S.-based A123 and Valence and the Canada-based Phostech, which grasp mature mass-production technology. However, the demand for lithium iron phosphate battery in the US and European countries showed an ongoing decline, a situation that plunged them into financial difficulties. For example, A123 filed a petition in bankruptcy in October 2012, and was finally acquired by China’s Wanxiang Group; Valence retreated from NASDAQ in July 2012 as it had long been in the red.
In recent years, however, lithium iron phosphate enterprises in Mainland China and Taiwan have been developing very fast, accompanied by dramatic capacity expansion and rising market position. By the end of 2014, over 80% of the world’s lithium iron phosphate originated from Mainland China and Taiwan, of which the Taiwanese lithium iron phosphate material manufacturers were mainly Formosa and Aleees, of which total capacity approximated 7,300 tons in 2014.
In 2014, Mainland China recorded a total capacity of about 30,000 tons of lithium iron phosphate. The major enterprises included Tianjin STL Energy Technology Co., Ltd., Guanghan Mufu Lithium Power Materials Co., Ltd., and Pulead Technology Industry Co., Ltd., etc. which contributed a combined capacity of 9,500 tons. Furthermore, there are several proposed and ongoing lithium iron phosphate projects in China. For example, Tianjin STL Energy Technology planned to expand its lithium iron phosphate capacity to 10,000 tons within three years; Pulead Technology’s Base in Qinghai is working to construct a “5,000 tons/a lithium iron phosphate and other cathode materials” project (Phase II).
In terms of EV industry, China’s mainstream cathode materials for power batteries are still lithium iron phosphate, which represents an around 40% share of power battery market, Major manufacturers consist of BYD, Guoxuan High-Tech, and Tianjin Lishen, etc. However, low energy density of lithium iron phosphate batteries restricts the EV’s driving range, a situation that makes more and more enterprises turn to ternary materials. In the future, the application percentage of lithium iron phosphate batteries in electric vehicles will fall.
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However, the application of lithium iron phosphate batteries in energy storage, photovoltaic and communication batteries is on the rise, reflecting a huge space for development. In the field of electric bicycles, the batteries have obvious advantages over the traditional lead-acid batteries, hence a larger alternative space.
Table of Contents
1. Overview of LiFePO4 Battery
1.1.2 Merits and Demerits
1.2 Industry Chain
2. Global LiFePO4 Market
2.2 Competition Pattern
3. Market of LiFePO4 Materials in Mainland China
3.2 Supply and Demand
3.3 Competition Pattern
3.4 Patent Barriers of LiFePO4 Materials
3.4.1 Dispute on Patent
3.4.2 Latest Development
3.5 Policy Impact
4. Industry of LiFePO4 Battery in Mainland China
4.2.1 Electric Car
4.2.2 Electric Tools
4.2.3 Electric Bicycle
4.2.4 Energy Storage Equipment
4.2.5 Communication Industry
4.3 Supported LiFePO4 Battery for New Energy Vehicles in China
5. Key LiFePO4 Materials Manufacturers
5.1 A123 Systems
5.1.3 Subsidiaries in China
5.2.3 Subsidiaries in China
5.3.2 LiFePO4 Business
5.4 Formosa Energy & Material Technology Co., Ltd.
5.4.2 LiFePO4 Business
5.5.3 Revenue Structure
5.5.4 LiFePO4 Business
5.5.5 Development Dynamic
5.6 Hirose Tech
5.6.3 Competition Vantage
5.7 Tatung Fine Chemicals
5.7.3 LiFePO4 Business
5.8 Tianjin STL Energy Technology Co., Ltd.
5.8.2 LiFePO4 Business
5.9 Pulead Technology Industry Co., Ltd
5.9.3 LiFePO4 Business
5.10 Shenzhen BTR New Energy Material Co., Ltd
5.10.3 LiFePO4 Business
5.11 Yantai Zhuoneng Battery Material Co., Ltd.
5.11.2 LiFePO4 Business
5.12 Nanjing Lasting Brilliance New Energy Technology Co., Ltd.
5.12.2 R&D Project
5.12.3 Development History
5.13 Guanghan Mufu Lithium Power Materials Co., Ltd.
5.13.2 LiFePO4 Business
5.14 Hunan Shanshan Advanced Materials Co., Ltd.
5.14.3 Cathode Material Business
5.15 HeFei GuoXuan High-Tech Power Energy Co., Ltd.
5.15.3 LiFePO4 and Battery Business
5.16 ShenZhen TianJiao Technology Development LTD.
5.17.1 Xinxiang Huaxin Energy Materials Co., Ltd.
5.17.2 Hunan Haorun Technology Co., Ltd.
5.17.3 NanoChem Systems (Suzhou) Co., Ltd.
5.17.4 Xinxiang Chuangjia Power Supply Material Co., Ltd.
5.17.5 QingDao Qianyun High-tech New Material Co., Ltd.
6. Key LiFePO4 Battery Manufacturers
6.1.3 Revenue Structure
6.1.4 Goss Margin
6.1.5 LiFePO4 Battery Business
6.1.6 Forecast and Outlook
6.2 Shenzhen BAK Battery
6.2.3 Revenue Structure
6.2.5 LiFePO4 Battery Business
6.3 Tianjin Lishen Battery Joint-Stock Co., Ltd.
6.3.3 LiFePO4 Battery Business
6.4 Shenzhen Mottcell Battery Technology Co., Ltd.
6.4.2 LiFePO4 Battery Business
6.5 Wanxiang EV Co., Ltd.
6.5.2 LiFePO4 Battery Business
6.5.3 Application Case
6.6 CENS Energy-Tech Co., Ltd.
6.6.2 LiFePO4 Battery Business
6.7 Hipower New Energy Group Co., Ltd.
6.7.2 LiFePO4 Battery Business
6.8 Suzhou Golden Crown New Energy Co., Ltd.
6.8.2 LiFePO4 Battery Business
6.9 Pihsiang Energy Technology
6.9.2 Competitive Edge
6.10 Qingdao Hongnai New Energy
6.11 Huanyu Power Source Co.,Ltd.
6.11.2 LiFePO4 Battery Business
7. Summary and Forecast