Global demand for MO source from LED industry has accounted for more than 90% of the aggregate demand for MO source. New-generation solar cell, phase change memory, semiconductor laser and other areas are still in their infancy, and have not yet formed massive market demand.
Because of a higher gross margin of MO source product in the early days, the world’s four major suppliers of MO source involving Dow Chemical, AKZO Nobel, SAFC Hitech and NATA expanded production over the past three years, resulting in the mushrooming of new entrants and increasing fierce market competition, and MO source product prices began to fall sharply.
Downstream of MO source mainly refers to the LED epitaxial chip industry, which in 2013 suffered mid/low-end overcapacity, causing chip price to ceaselessly fall; finally, most companies witnessed a continuous decline in profitability, at a loss. The downturn in epitaxial chip companies also directly affected the profitability of MO source manufacturers.
In February 2014, NATA released a newsletter about its 2013-year performance, according to which the company’s revenue reached RMB135 million in 2013, down 23.81% YoY; and net income attributable to shareholders of the listed company decreased by 33.08% YoY to RMB60.3596 million.
In 2014, along with technological progress and falling prices of LED lighting products, LED lighting application demand will grow rapidly; MOCVD equipment capacity utilization will continue to rise and stimulate recovery in demand for upstream MO source. Therefore, MO source companies are expected to bottom out in 2014.
NATA, the domestic MO leader, has sufficient upstream raw materials of MO source such as gallium and indium with low cost. By virtue of cost advantage, NATA is likely to turn around performance in 2014.