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Energy is a necessity for satisfying human consumption needs and well being. It has been the key driver of global economic growth over the last two centuries. The conventional sources of energy include coal, oil, natural gas, hydro and nuclear power. In recent years there has been an increased focus on switching to energy generated from renewable sources such as solar, wind, biomass etc.

The lower growth of the last two years shows that the economy is still not running on its own steam. The prognosis for the near future is still very cautious but the medium to long term scenario is optimistic. Even the current rates of growth are high when compared to that of many developed countries and the higher growth of the coming years will bring about a huge rise in demand for energy.

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1 India Energy Overview
Introduction  
Primary Energy & Energy-GDP Elasticity  
Energy Fuel Mix
Coal  
Oil    
Natural Gas  
Hydro  
Nuclear  
Renewable    

Chapter 2 Global Scenario   
Global Coal Reserves  
Global Coal Production    
Global Coal Demand/Consumption  
World Coal Trade  
International Coal Prices    
Important Coal countries    
United States of America (USA)    
Russia  
Japan  

Chapter 3 Legal and Regulatory Structure     
Regulatory Structure    
Ministry of Coal    
Coal Controller's Organization  
Geological Survey of India  
Energy Coordination Committee  
Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF)
Nationalization    
Private participation and Captive Coal Mining  
Laws and Provisions Governing Mining    
Reconnaissance and Prospecting  
Mining Lease  
Safety    
Quality Control    
New Coal Distribution Policy    
Foreign Investment    
Mining and the Environment    
Environmental Laws Governing Mining Activities    
The Environment (Protection) Act  
The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act and the Water
(Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act  
Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act    
The Forest (Conservation) Act  
The Wildlife (Protection) Act    
Environmental Clearances  
Approval Process for Coal Mining  
Mines And Minerals (Development And Regulation) Act, 1957    

Chapter 4 Coal Supply   
Reserves  
Resource Classification  
Joint Ore Reserves Committee (JORC)  
Indian Standard Procedure (ISP)  
Classification of Coal Based on Depth  
Classification of Coal into Grades  
Classification of Non-coking Coal .
Grades of Coking Coal    
Grades of Semi-coking and Weakly Coking Coal    
Type and Category-wise coal Reserves (MT)
Lignite Classification   
Classification based on Grade    
Production (Coal & Lignite)    
Coal production in India  
Coal production in India by Company (MT)
Coal production by state (MT)  
Methods of Coal Production   
Underground vs Open Cast    
Lignite Production  
Lignite production in India  
Lignite Production in India by Company (MT)    
Conclusion  

Chapter 5 Captive Mining     
Introduction  
Historical Background  
Allocation of captive coal blocks    
Legal provisions for captive mining  
Allotment of Captive blocks to a consortium   
Mining of Coal from captive blocks    
Conditions Imposed on Captive Miners    
Guidelines on Disposal of Coal (during development phase)  
De-allocation/Cancellation of Mining Lease    
Performance Review of Captive Mining  
Issues/Challenges in captive coal mining    

Chapter 6 Coal Imports   
Imports    
India's Coal Imports - by type of coal (MT)  
Import Sources    
Australia  
South Africa    
Indonesia

Chapter 7 Coal Demand in India     
Demand Overview      
Power 
Steel  
Cement
Conclusion  

Chapter 8 Coal Pricing   
Historical background    
Current Pricing Scenario 
Determinants of Coal prices  
Coal Quality    
Mode of Sale    
FSA (Fuel Supply Agreement)  
E-Auction (introduced under NCDP 2007)    
Memorandum of Understanding- MoU (pricing of higher quality coal)  
Coal Price Pooling    
Conclusion  

Chapter 9 Coal Transportation
Overview  
Modes of Transport    
Rail  
Road  
Ports  
Merry-Go-Round (MGR) System  
Other Modes of Transport    
Issues and Concerns  

Chapter 10 Coal Companies in India   
Coal India Limited    
Reserves
Production    
Ownership and Structure  
Description of the Coal Mines  
Customers    
Coal Transportation  
Employees    
Expenses    
Future Plans  
SCCL - Singareni Collieries Company Limited 
Introduction 
Background  
Reserves 
Production 
Transportation 
Performance 
Future Plans  
Financial Performance 
Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited (NLC) 
Introduction 
Lignite Production and Exploration 
Future Plans 

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