Three types of honey bees, drone, worker, and the queen. As seen above the drone procreates with the queen and that is his only job.
The queen lays up to 2,000 eggs daily and can live for up to 5 years. Although if you are keeping bees it's best to re-queen every two years. The queen can easily be identified. She has a visibly larger abdomen and she will walk straight through the brood while the worker bees walk over each other.
The worker has multiple responsibilities. The responsibilities go in stages with their age. The life span of a honey bee is 4 months in the winter and 6 weeks in the summer. They literally work themselves to death in the summer. Their stages of responsibilities are..
Days 1-3: Cleans and polishes the cell the honey bee hatched from.
Days 4-10: Feed and nurse the lavae, and tends to the queen.
Days 11-16: Build wax comb and cap off the cells with pupae and honey.
Days 17-19: Carries out food exchange by collecting from foraging bees.
Days 20-21: Guards the entrance of the hive.
Days 20-22: Looks for pollen, nectar, water, propolis