Cold Weather Safety - #htt by West Park Hospital

*(Cody, Wyo.) *- The winter months here in Wyoming are sure beautiful, but they can be dangerously cold. Remember these simple cold weather safety tips from West Park Hospital's Health Tip Tuesday (#htt): *Cold weather clothing:* *Adults and children should wear:* - a hat - a scarf or knit mask to cover face and mouth - sleeves that are snug at the wrist - mittens (they are warmer than gloves) - water-resistant coat and shoes - several layers of loose-fitting clothing Be sure the outer layer of your clothing is tightly woven, preferably wind resistant, to reduce body-heat loss caused by wind. Wool, silk, or polypropylene inner layers of clothing will hold more body heat than cotton. Stay dry—wet clothing chills the body rapidly. Excess perspiration will increase heat loss, so remove extra layers of clothing whenever you feel too warm. Also, avoid getting gasoline or alcohol on your skin while de-icing and fueling your car or using a snow blower. These materials in contact with the skin greatly increase heat loss from the body. Do not ignore shivering. It's an important first sign that the body is losing heat. Persistent shivering is a signal to return indoors. *Hypothermia: *Victims of hypothermia are often (1) elderly people with inadequate food, clothing, or heating; (2) babies sleeping in cold bedrooms; (3) people who remain outdoors for long periods—the homeless, hikers, hunters, etc.; and (4) people who drink alcohol or use illicit drugs. Recognizing Hypothermia Warnings signs of hypothermia: *Adults:* - shivering, exhaustion - confusion, fumbling hands - memory loss, slurred speech - drowsiness *Infants:* - bright red, cold skin - very low energy *What to Do* - If you notice any of these signs, take the person’s temperature. If it is below 95°, the situation is an emergency—get medical attention immediately. - If medical care is not available, begin warming the person, as follows: - Get the victim into a warm room or shelter. - If the victim has on any wet clothing, remove it. - Warm the center of the body first—chest, neck, head, and groin—using an electric blanket, if available. Or use skin-to-skin contact under loose, dry layers of blankets, clothing, towels, or sheets. - Warm beverages can help increase the body temperature, but do not give alcoholic beverages. Do not try to give beverages to an unconscious person. - After body temperature has increased, keep the person dry and wrapped in a warm blanket, including the head and neck. - Get medical attention as soon as possible. A person with severe hypothermia may be unconscious and may not seem to have a pulse or to be breathing. In this case, handle the victim gently, and get emergency assistance immediately. Even if the victim appears dead, CPR should be provided. CPR should continue while the victim is being warmed, until the victim responds or medical aid becomes available. In some cases, hypothermia victims who appear to be dead can be successfully resuscitated. *Thank you for the tips West Park Hospital!* #news #health #wph #reboot