In masonry construction, the basic building blocks used are bricks, stones and yes, blocks. They are both used inside the house and outside it. Even walls contain all or just some of these 3 materials.
You can choose which kind of bricks and blocks you want based on your requirements.
The first and foremost thing when going for home construction is to know how many bricks, blocks or stones you’ll need.
As you estimate the quantities, there is one thing that should be kept in mind. Mortar joints also need to be taken in account as much as the measurement of bricks or blocks. This is because these joints end up influencing your wall dimensions.
Suppliers often tend to quote block sizes as well, with mortar joints also measured in nominal units. A brick features 3/8 inch of joint, ½ inch for blockwork.
In this scenario, it is advisable to calculate the surface area of the structure you got planned, divided by the nominal size of your brick/block.
Now before we bore you with more numbers, let’s make things interesting by going through the types of bricks available. They differ in their color, texture, composition, even quality. In face some bricks are suitable for certain climates or terrains. We’ll get to both of these aspects.
Let’s take a look at the type of bricks available commonly.
This is your typical brick, made of clay and of a general-purpose nature. They are perfect for masonry reinforcement or garden walls.
These are the kind of bricks that have good faces, on each and every side. Those are called facing bricks.
Not to be confused with facing bricks, these faced slabs have got one good face and 2 or 1 good end.
Though these bricks are also made of clay, they are rather denser than the common ones. Hence the term engineering bricks. They are usually used for situations where weather is extreme and extra strength is more or less required.
Calcium Silicate Bricks
Sand and lime are the primary materials used in these bricks. This makes these bricks possible in a host of different colors. If that wasn’t enough, these calcium silicate bricks come with an even uniform finish and are rather smooth to hold and feel.
As their name suggests, these bricks are literally forged for withstanding high temperatures. You can usually find fire bricks on your fireplace.
Just like calcium silicate bricks, these come in a vast variety of colors and textures. But they are rather strong compared to their cousins.
These are perfect for spaces which need ventilation. These are some of the most popular bricks in use today.